Animation is a lively medium in which things are made to look as objects in motion. Swift succession of sequential things that slightly different from each other creates the effect of animation. The most popular animation media which were analog earlier and now digital is television and video.
There are five types of animation.
1. Traditional animation is the earlier form of animation. In olden days the animator used to draw all the sequential frames to produce animation. The swift movement of the sequential drawings creates the phantom of movement. Images are drawn on transparent paper making use of colored pencil. Number of frames needed for an action to work is determined by testing with the rough sketches. Then the drawings are finalized, and it is photographed. Nowadays they are drawn on computer using tablets instead of photography of each frames. Strong drawing skills are required for traditional animation.
2. 2D vector-based animation: Traditional animation techniques are used in computer based 2D animations. Advantages of 2D vector-based animation is that you don’t need physical objects. In this 2D based animation, the animator need not draw each single frame separately.
3.3D Animation: All characters in 3D animation are digitally created. Models are fitted with the skeleton so that animators can easily move it. Posing the models on different key frames creates animation. Once animation is finished the computer will render the frames individually.
4. Motion graphics: It does not have character or story. It is all about moving graphic element in a creative way. This is mostly used for promotional events. It is always created by video editing software. Texts, animating images, videos are the important things in motion graphics. It is easy to make as it uses computer editing.
5. Stop motion: stop motion is created by taking photo of an object and taking another photo by moving the object little bit.By continuously changing the position of the object sequentially, photos are captured. Rapid sequential playing of the photos creates the illusion of motion. It resembles traditional animation but uses real life materials. Creating stop motion is lengthy process. There are different types of stop motion. They are Claymation, puppets, cut-out, silhouette, Action Figures, Pixelation. Animation is a creative art. Many schools and colleges have animation courses to encourage this skill in youngsters.